Turkish Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation 2010 , Vol 56 , Num 1
Arthrocentesis, Arthroscopic Assessment and Surgical Interventions
Barış Keklik 1 ,Memet Yazar 2 ,Ufuk Emekli 3
1 İstanbul Üniversitesi İstanbul Tıp Fakültesi, Plastik, Rekonstrüktif ve Estetik Cerrahi Anabilim Dalı, İstanbul, Türkiye
2 Şişli Etfal Eğitim ve Araştırma Hastanesi, Plastik Cerrahi Kliniği, İstanbul, Türkiye
3 İstanbul Üniversitesi İstanbul Tıp Fakültesi, Plastik ve Rekonstrüktif Cerrahi Anabilim Dalı, İstanbul
DOI : 10.4274/tftr.56.29

Temporomandibular joint disorders (TMJD) are not rare in the general population and the patients not responding to conservative therapies are candidates for surgery. Among surgical interventions, arthrocentesis, arthroscopic interventions and anatomic restoration via arthrotomy are the most popular methods. Any surgical intervention should aim to restore the TMJ, which is anatomically very complex and delicate. It should not be forgotten that the treatment of TMJD must be multidisciplinary and the preoperative conservative therapies should be continued postoperatively. 

Keywords : Temporomandibular joint surgery, disc displacement, Arthrocentesis