Aims and Scope

The Turkish Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation (TJPMR) is the official publication of the Turkish Society of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation which covers specific subjects on physical medicine, rheumatology, and rehabilitation. The journal is an international open-access, double-blind peer-reviewed periodical journal bringing the latest developments in physical medicine, rheumatology, and rehabilitation. In addition to original articles, TJPMR also publishes review articles, case reports, letters to the editor, and congress/meeting announcements. The language of the journal is in Turkish and English and it is published quarterly (in March, June, September, and December).

Manuscripts can only be submitted through the online manuscript submission and evaluation system of the journal, available at

Manuscripts submitted via any other medium will not be evaluated. Manuscripts submitted for the evaluation should not be previously presented or published elsewhere in any medium (paper or electronic). Editorial board should be informed of manuscripts which have been already submitted to another journal for the evaluation and rejected for publication. Manuscripts which have been presented in a meeting should be submitted with detailed information on the name, date, and venue of the organization. The originality of the content, high scientific merit and citation potential are the prime considerations of the editors.

Statements or opinions expressed in the published content only reflect the views of the author(s), but not the opinions of the editors. The Turkish Society of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, the Editorial Board, and the publisher disclaim any scientific, ethical or legal responsibility or liability for such materials. The author is solely responsible for the manuscript, Tables, Figures, and etc. which may elicit financial and legal responsibilities.

Upon the submission of the manuscript with the signed Copyright Transfer Agreement form, the authors transfer all copyrights of their manuscripts within the scope of local and international laws to the journal. For this purpose, a copyright transfer form must be signed by all contributing authors and the original signed form must be posted to the Editorial office.

The Authorship Contribution Form must be filled by the corresponding author and a signed and scanned version must be submitted during the submission process to act appropriately to the authorship rights and prevent ghost or honorary authorship. The Authorship Contribution Form and the Printing Approval Form which are both released by the publisher must be submitted.

Any financial grants or other support received for the study from individuals or institutions must be disclosed to the Editorial Board and the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) Potential Conflict of Interest Disclosure Form must be filled and submitted to disclose potential conflicts of interest.

The manuscripts should be prepared in accordance with ICMJE Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals (updated in December 2014 - Authors are required to prepare manuscripts in accordance with the CONSORT guidelines for randomized research studies, the STROBE guidelines for the observational original research studies, the STARD guidelines for the diagnostic accuracy studies, the PRISMA guidelines for systematic reviews and meta-analyses, the ARRIVE guidelines for the experimental animal studies, and the TREND guidelines for nonrandomized public behaviors.

An approval of research protocols by the Ethics Committee in accordance with international agreements (Helsinki Declaration of 1975, revised 2014, Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals - is required for experimental, clinical, and investigational drug studies, and some case reports. If required, the ethics committee reports or a corresponding official document may be requested from the authors. In manuscripts reporting the results of an experimental study, it must be stated within the main text that all patients were informed in detail on the treatments and that an informed consent was obtained from each patient. For studies carried out on animals, the measures taken to prevent pain and suffering of the animals must be explicitly stated. Information on the patient consent, name of the ethics committee, and the ethics committee approval number must also be stated in the Patients and Methods section of the manuscript.

Pre-evaluation process of each submission is carried out by the Editorial Board. Manuscripts are scanned for plagiarism or duplication. In case of an ethical issue on plagiarism or duplication, the Editorial Board will act in accordance with the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE). The manuscripts which pass this stage are assigned to at least two double-blind peer-reviewers with a statistics reviewer. Reviewers are selected among independent experts who has published publications in the international literature on the submission subject and received considerable amount of citations. Research articles, systematic reviews, and meta-analyses are also reviewed by a biostatistician. By submitting a manuscript to the journal, authors accept that editor may implement changes on their manuscripts including misleading statements and mistypings, as long as the main idea of the manuscript is not interfered.

All patients have their right of privacy. Indicative information, patient names or pictures should not be published, unless it is scientifically necessary or the patient’s (or the parent or the guardian of the patient) written informed consent to publish this material is obtained.

Once a manuscript is accepted for publication, the author list of the manuscript cannot be amended.

All manuscripts should be prepared using the Microsoft Office Word toolbox and should be structured in accordance with the principles mentioned below.

Original Article: The abstract should be structured with Objective, Patients and Methods (for human studies)/Materials and Methods (for experimental studies), Results, and Conclusion subheadings and should not be longer than 250 words. Keywords should be concordant with the National Library of Medicine (NLM) Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) vocabulary terms and three to six keywords should be listed. The main text should be structured with Introduction, Patients and Methods (for human studies)/Materials and Methods (for experimental studies), Results (with maximum three subheadings), and Discussion sections and should be limited to 3000 words. The reference list and tables should be located at the end of the main document. All images should be submitted in .JPG and .TIFF formats in 300 Dpi resolutions. Number of cited references should be limited with 40. Tables and illustrations are limited with six.

Statistical analysis should be performed in accordance with the guidelines on reporting statistics in medical journals (Altman DG, Gore SM, Gardner MJ, Pocock SJ. Statistical Guidelines for Contributors To Medical Journals. Br Med J 1983;7:1489-93.). The software used for the analysis should be explicitly stated. For parametric tests, continuous variables are expressed in mean ± standard deviation, while for non-parametric tests, data are expressed in median and range (min-max) or median and interquartile range (25th and 75th percentiles). When complex analyses are used, the relative risk (RR), odds ratio (OR) and hazard ratio (HR) values are supported by providing confidence intervals (CI) and p values.

Editorial: These are short manuscripts which are prepared by the experts to comment on an article which is published in the current or previous issues of the journal. This type of manuscript is solicited. An Abstract, Keywords, Tables or Figures are not required for the Editorial Comments. The main text should not be structured with subheadings and should not be longer than 1500 words. Number of references should be limited to 15. Only one table or illustration is allowed.

Review: Reviews which are prepared by authors who have an extensive knowledge on a specific field and whose scientific background has been translated into a high volume of publication with a high citation potential are taken under review. The authors shall be invited by the journal. Reviews should be describing, discussing and evaluating the current level of knowledge or topic used in the clinical practice and should guide further studies. The manuscript contains an unstructured abstract not exceeding 150 words. The manuscript should include three to six keywords which conform to the Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) terms prepared by the National Library of Medicine (NLM). The main text should contain Introduction, Clinical and Research Consequences, and Conclusion sections. The main text should not exceed 4000 words and the references should be limited to 75. Tables and illustrations are limited with eight.

The originality of the visual media contained in the reviews should be confirmed by submitting a letter to the journal. The original versions of the printed or electronic copies of the images adapted from a published source should be explicitly cited and the written permission obtained from the copyright holder (publisher, journal or authors) should be forwarded to the journal.

Case Report: There is a limited space for case reports in the journal and only reports on rare cases or conditions which constitute challenges in the diagnosis and treatment, those offering novel therapeutic approaches or recent knowledge not included in the textbooks, and interesting and educative case reports are accepted for publication. The abstract should be unstructured and should not exceed 80 to 100 words. The manuscript should include three to six keywords which conform to the Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) terms prepared by the National Library of Medicine (NLM). The main text should include Introduction, Case Report, Discussion, and Conclusion sections. Figures and images should be submitted separately in JPEG of TIFF formats in 300 Dpi resolutions. The main text should be limited to 1500 words. References should be limited to 20. Each case report should include an informed consent from each patient which is explicitly stated in the Case Report section. Tables and illustrations are limited with three in black and white format. Colored illustrations will be paid, if requested.

Letter to the Editor: Includes manuscripts discussing important parts, overlooked aspects, or lacking parts of a previously published article. Papers on the subjects within the scope of the journal which may likely to attract the readers’ attention, in particular, educative cases are also allowed to be submitted in the form of Letter to the Editor. Readers are also allowed to present their comments on the published manuscripts in the form of Letter to the Editor. Abstract, Keywords, Tables, Figures, Images, and other media are not included. The text should be unstructured and should not exceed 500 words with one to five references. Volume, year, issue, page numbers, and title of the manuscript being commented on, as well as the name of the authors should be explicitly specified, should be listed in the references, and cited within the text. Only one table or illustration is allowed.

Tables and Figures

Submitted manuscript files should be blind to ensure a double-blind review process. Information which may indicate an individual or institution should be excluded from the manuscript files. All Tables, Figures, Graphs, and other visual media should be numbered in the order of citation within the text and must not disclose the names of the patients, doctors or institutions. Tables should be prepared using the Microsoft Office Word toolbox with Insert Table command and be placed at the end of the References section of the main text. Tables should not be submitted in JPEG, TIFF or other visual formats. In microscopic images, magnification and staining techniques should be specified in addition to the figure captions.

All images should be in high-resolution with minimum 300 Dpi resolutions in white and black format. Otherwise, it will be paid. Lines in the graphs should be in separate columns. Therefore, loss of details would be minimal, if reduction is needed during press. The width should be 9 cm or 18 cm. Preferably, the drawings should be prepared by the professionals. Gray color should be avoided. Abbreviations used in tables should be defined in alphabetical order at the bottom of the tables. Roman numerals should be avoided while numbering the Tables and Figures, or while citing the tables in the text. Decimal points in the text, tables and figures, should be separated by dots (p=0.05) and comma (1,000) for at least four-digit numbers. Particularly, tables should be explanatory for the text and should not duplicate the data given in the text.

Pharmaceuticals should be specified with their generic names, and medicinal products and devices should be identified with brand name, company name, city and country.


References should be numbered in the order they are cited. Only published data or manuscripts accepted for publication and recent data should be included. Inaccessible data sources and those not indexed in any database should be omitted. Titles of journals should be abbreviated in accordance with Index Medicus-NLM Style (Patrias K. Citing medicine: the NLM style guide for authors, editors, and publishers [Internet]. 2nd ed. Wendling DL, technical editor. Bethesda (MD): National Library of Medicine (US); 2007 - [updated 2011 Sep 15; cited Year Month Day] ( All authors should be listed if an article has six or less authors; if an article has more than six authors, first six authors are listed and the rest is represented by “et al.”. Reference format and punctuation should be as in the following examples:

• If the surname of the first author of the referenced article is given, “et al.” should be added after it, followed by its reference number within square brackets “[1]”

• Give references in the text using Arabic numerals in brackets “[1]” (superscript preferred).

• If more than one references are required in the main manuscript, references should be stated in a superscript square bracket with a comma at the end of the punctuation mark of the related sentence.[1,2,5]

• If there are more than two consecutive references, the first and the last ones should be given with “-” mark between them: e.g. [1-3]; [8-14]; [14-18].

Abbreviations of journals should conform to those used in Index Medicus. Authors are solely responsible for the accuracy and completeness of references.

Journal: Ehde DM, Czerniecki JM, Smith DG, Campbell KM, Edwards WT, Jensen MP, et al. Chronic phantom sensations, phantom pain, residual limb pain, and other regional pain after lower limb amputation. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2000;81:1039-44.

Book Section: Eftekhari N. Amputation rehabilitation: In: O’Young B, Young MA, Stiens SA, editors. PMR Secrets. Philadelphia: Hanley&Belfus Inc.; 1999. p. 214-22.

Books with Single Author: Mulligan BR. Manual Therapy: Nags, Snags, MWMs, etc. 6th ed. Wellington: Bateson Publishing Ltd; 2010.

Editor(s) as author(s): O’Sullivan SB, Schmitz TJ, editors. Improving functional outcomes in physical rehabilitation. 1st ed. Pennsylvania: F.A. Davis Company; 2010.

Conference Proceedings: Bengisson S. Sothemin BG. Enforcement of data protection, privacy and security in medical informatics. In: Lun KC, Degoulet P, Piemme TE, Rienhoff O, editors. MEDINFO 92. Proceedings of the 7th World Congress on Medical Informatics; 1992 Sept 6-10; Geneva, Switzerland. Amsterdam: North-Holland; 1992. p. 1561-5.

Scientific or Technical Report: Smith P. Golladay K. Payment for durable medical equipment billed during skilled nursing facility stays. Final report. Dallas (TX) Dept. of Health and Human Services (US). Office of Evaluation and Inspections: 1994 Oct. Report No: HHSIGOE 169200860.

Thesis: Kaplan SI. Post-hospital home health care: the elderly access and utilization (dissertation). St. Louis (MO): Washington Univ.; 1995.

Epub Ahead of Print Articles: Aksu HU, Ertürk M, Gül M, Uslu N. Successful treatment of a patient with pulmonary embolism and biatrial thrombus. Anadolu Kardiyol Derg 2012 Dec 26. doi: 10.5152/akd.2013.062. [Epub ahead of print]

Manuscripts published in electronic format: Teasell R, Bhogal SK, Foley N. Painful hemiplegic shoulder. Evidence-Based Review of stroke rehabilitation. 2006. Available from: Evidence-Based-Review-of-Stroke-Rehab.

The latest status of the submitted manuscripts and other information about the journal can be accessed at Furthermore, contact details of the Editorial Office and Publisher are provided below for correspondence with the journal in every respect.

Editor(s): Prof. Dr. Deniz EVCİK, Prof. Dr. Birkan SONEL TUR
Corresponding: Türkiye Fiziksel Tıp ve Rehabilitasyon Derneği
Barbaros Bulvarı Aktaş İşhanı No: 85 Kat: 3 Daire: 3  Beşiktaş, İstanbul, Turkey
Phone: +90 212 236 90 52
Fax: +90 212 236 90 54
Web page:

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