Instructions for Authors

The Turkish Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation (TJPMR) is the official publication organ of the Turkish Society of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation that covers subjects on physical medicine, rheumatology and rehabilitation. The journal is an international open access periodical and publishes in accordance with independent, unbiased, double blind peer review principles. In addition to original articles TJPMR also publishes review articles, case reports, letters to the editor, scientific letters, education articles, literature reviews and congress/meeting announcements.

The Turkish Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation’s publication languages are both Turkish and English. Submission of a Turkish title, abstract or keywords is not compulsory for submissions from abroad Turkey. For these sections, translation services will be provided by the journal if the submission is accepted for publication.

Manuscripts can only be submitted through the journal’s online manuscript submission and evaluation system, available at Manuscripts submitted via any other medium will not be evaluated.

Manuscripts submitted for evaluation should not be previously presented or published in an electronic or printed medium. Editorial board should be informed of manuscripts that have been submitted to another journal for evaluation and rejected for publication. Submission of previous reviewer reports will expedite the evaluation process. Manuscripts that have been presented in a meeting should be submitted with detailed information on the organization including the name, date and location of the organization. Originality, high scientific quality and citation potential are the most important criteria for a manuscript to be accepted for publication.

Statements or opinions expressed in the published content reflect the views of the author(s) and not the opinions of the editors. Turkish Society of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, the editorial board, and the publisher disclaim any responsibility or liability for such materials.

The authors transfer all copyrights of their manuscripts within the scope of local and international laws to the journal as of submission. For this purpose, a copyright transfer form should be signed by all contributing authors and a scanned version of the form should be submitted with the manuscript. The wet signed version of the form should be posted to the Editorial Office. The financial and legal responsibilities of a manuscript, including the text, tables, images and any other content that may be subject to international or local copyrights belong to the authors.

Authorship contribution form should be filled in the corresponding author and a signed and scanned version should be submitted during manuscript submission process in order to act appropriately to authorship rights and prevent ghost or honorary authorship.

Any financial grants or other support received for the study from individuals or institutions should be disclosed to the Editorial Board and to disclose potential conflicts of interest ICMJE Potential Conflict of Interest Disclosure From should be filled in and submitted.

The manuscripts should be prepared in accordance with ICMJE-Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals (updated in December 2014 - http://www.icmje. org/icmje-recommendations.pdf). Authors are required to prepare manuscripts in accordance with CONSORT guidelines for randomized research studies, STROBEguidelines for observational original research studies, STARD guidelines for studies on diagnostic accuracy, PRISMA guidelines for systematic reviews and meta-analysis, ARRIVE guidelines for experimental animal studies and TREND guidelines for non-randomized public behavior.

An approval of research protocols by Ethics Committee in accordance with international agreements (Helsinki Declaration of 1975, revised 2008, “Guide for the care and use of laboratory animals - catalog/5140. html/) is required for experimental, clinical and drug studies and some case reports. If required ethics committee reports or an equivalent official document may be requested from the authors. In manuscripts reporting the results of an experimental study, it should be stated within the main text that the patients were informed in detail about the treatment technique and that the patient’s consent was obtained. For studies carried out on animals, the measures taken to prevent pain and suffering of the animals should be stated clearly. Information on patient consent, name of the ethics committee and the ethics committee approval number should also be stated in the materials and methods section of the manuscript.

Pre-evaluation checks of each submission are carried out by the Editorial Board. Manuscripts are scanned for plagiarism and duplication at this stage. If an ethical problem detected regarding plagiarism and duplication the Editorial Board will act in accordance with the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE). Manuscript that pass this stage are assigned to at least three double blind peer-reviewers. Reviewers are selected among independent experts who has published publications in the international literature on the submission subject and received considerable amount of citations. Research articles, systematic reviews and meta-analysis manuscripts are also reviewed by a biostatistician. By submitting a manuscript to the journal authors accept that editor may implement changes on their manuscripts as long as the main idea of the manuscript is not interfered with.

Patients have their right of privacy. Indicative information, patient names or pictures should not be published unless it is scientifically necessary or the patient’s (or the parent or the guardian of the patient) written informed consent to publish this material was obtained. For this purpose, informed consent requires the patient to review a draft version of the study. If unnecessary, indicative details of the patient may not published. Achieving a complete anonymity is can be difficult, however if doubt is present informed consent must be obtained.

Once a manuscript is accepted for publication, the author list of the manuscript can’t be altered with.

Manuscripts should be prepared using Microsoft Word software and should be structured in accordance with the rules below depending on their type.

Original Article: The abstract page should be submitted in both English and Turkish; should be structured with Objective, Material and Methods, Results and Conclusion subheadings and should not be longer that 250 words. Key words should be concordant with National Library of Medicine (NLM) Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) vocabulary terms and there should be at least 3 and the number should be limited with 6. Key words should be listed below the abstract both in Turkish and English. The main text should be structured with Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results and Conclusion subheadings and should be limited to 5000 words. Reference list and tables should be located at the end of the main document, images should be submitted in .JPG and .TIFF formats. Number of cited references should be limited with 50.

Statistical analysis should be performed in accordance with guidelines on reporting statistics in medical journals (Altman DG, Gore SM, Gardner MJ, Pocock SJ. Statistical guidelines for contributors to medical journals. Br Med J 1983: 7; 1489-93.). Describe software used for analysis. For parametric tests represent continuous variables as Mean±Standard Deviation, while for nonparametric tests represent data as Median and range (Minimum- Maximum) or Median and interquartile range (25th and 75th percentiles). Whenever complex analyses are used support the relative risk (RR), odds (OR) or hazard ratios (HR) values by providing confidence intervals (CI) and p values.

Editorial Comment: These are short manuscripts that are prepared by experts in their area in order to comment on an article which is published in the journal’s current or previous issues. This type of manuscripts are solicited. An abstract, key words, tables and/or figures are not required for Editorial Comments. The main text should not be structured with subheadings and should not be longer than 1500 words. Number of references should be limited to 15.

Review: Reviews which are prepared by authors who have extensive knowledge on a particular field and whose scientific background has been translated into high volume of publication and higher citation potential are taken under review. The authors may be invited by the journal. Reviews should be describing, discussing and evaluating the current level of knowledge or topic used in the clinical practice and shoul guide future studies. The manuscript contains unstructured abstract not exceeding 250 words. The manuscript should include minimum 3 and maximum 6 keywords which conform to Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) terms prepared by National Library of Medicine (NLM). Main text should contain Introduction, Clinical and Research Consequences and Conclusion sections. Main text should not exceed 5000 words and the references should be limited to 100.

The originality of the visual media contained in the reviews should be confirmed by submitting a letter to the journal. The original versions of the printed or electronic copies of the images adapted from a published source should be cited properly and the written permission obtained from the copyright holder (publisher, journal or authors) should be forwarded to the journal.

Case Report: There is limited space for case reports in the journal and reports on rare cases or conditions that constitute challenges in the diagnosis and treatment, those offering new therapies or revealing knowledge not included in the books, and interesting and educative case reports are accepted for publication. The abstract should be unstructured and should not exceed 150 words. The manuscript should include minimum 3 and maximum 6 keywords which conform to Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) terms prepared by National Library of Medicine (NLM). The main text should include Introduction, Case Report, Discussion, Conclusion subheadings, Figures and Images should be submitted separately in JPEG of TIFF formats. The main text of case reports should be limited to 1500 words. References should be limited to 20. Information on patient’s consent should be provided within the “Case Report” section.

Letter to the Editor: Includes manuscripts discussing important parts, overlooked aspects or lacking parts of a previously published article. Articles on the subjects within the scope of the journal that might attract the readers’ attention, particularly educative cases can also be submitted in the form of “Letter to the Editor”. Readers can also present their comments on the published manuscripts in the form of “Letter to the Editor”. Abstract, Keywords, Tables, Figures, Images and other media are not included. The text should be unstructured and should not exceed 500 words; references are limited to 5. Volume, year, issue, page numbers, and title of the manuscript being commented on, as well as the name of the authors should be clearly specified, should be listed in the references and cited within the text.

Scientific Letter: The articles in form of preliminary report aimed to announce the new scientific thoughts and data are accepted for publication as scientific letters. The manuscript should not be structured with sections and should be limited with 1000 words, a table and 10 references. Scientific Letters are evaluated only by the editorial board. Submitting authors should get in contact with the Editorial Board (e-mail: before submission.

Special Considerations

Submitted manuscript files should be blind in order to ensure a double blind review process. Information that may indicate an individual or institution should be excluded from the manuscript files.

All tables, figures, graphs and other visual media must be numbered in order of citation within the text and must not disclose the names of the patients, doctors or institutions. Tables must be prepared in a Microsoft Office Word document using “Insert Table” command and be placed at the end of the references section in the main document. Tables should not be submitted in JPEG, TIFF or other visual formats. In microscopic images, magnification and staining techniques must be specified in addition to figure captions. All images should be in high resolution with minimum 300 DPI. Lines in the graphs must be in adequate thickness. Therefore, loss of details would be minimal if reduction is needed during press. Width must be 9 cm or 18 cm. It would be more appropriate if the drawings are prepared by the professionals. Gray color should be avoided. Abbreviations used in tables must be defined in alphabetical order at the bottom of the tables. Roman numerals should be avoided while numbering the Tables and Figures, or while citing the tables in the text. Decimal points in the text, tables and figures should be separated by comma in Turkish sections and by dots in English sections. Particularly, tables should be explanatory for the text and should not duplicate the data given in the text.

Pharmaceuticals should be specified with their generic names, and medical products and devices should be identified with brand name and company name, city and country.


References should be numbered in the order they are cited. Only published data or manuscripts accepted for publication and recent data should be included. Inaccessible data sources and those not indexed in any database should be omitted. Titles of journals should be abbreviated in accordance with Index Medicus-NLM Style (Patrias K. Citing medicine: the NLM style guide for authors, editors, and publishers [Internet]. 2nd ed. Wendling DL, technical editor. Bethesda (MD): National Library of Medicine (US); 2007 - [updated 2011 Sep 15; cited Year Month Day] ( All authors should be listed if an article has six or less authors; if an article has more than six authors, first six authors are listed and the rest is represented by “ve ark.” in Turkish articles and by “et al.” in English articles. Reference format and punctuation should be as in the following examples.

Journal: Benseler SM, Bargman JM, Feldman BM, Tyrrell PN, Harvey E, Hebert D, et al. Acute renal failure in paediatric systemic lupus erythematosus: treatment and outcome. Rheumatology (Oxford) 2009;48:176-82.

Book Section: Sherry S. Detection of thrombi. In: Strauss HE, Pitt B, James AE, editors. Cardiovascular Medicine.St Louis: Mosby; 1974. p.273-85.

Books with Single Author: Cohn PF. Silent myocardial ischemia and infarction. 3rd ed. New York: Marcel Dekker; 1993.

Editor(s) as author: Norman IJ, Redfern SJ, editors. Mental health care for elderly people. New York: Churchill Livingstone; 1996.

Conference Proceedings: Bengisson S. Sothemin BG. Enforcement of data protection, privacy and security in medical informatics. In: Lun KC, Degoulet P, Piemme TE, Rienhoff O, editors. MEDINFO 92. Proceedings of the 7th World Congress on Medical Informatics; 1992 Sept 6-10; Geneva, Switzerland. Amsterdam: North-Holland; 1992.p.1561-5.

Scientific or Technical Report: Smith P. Golladay K. Payment for durable medical equipment billed during skilled nursing facility stays. Final report. Dallas (TX) Dept. of Health and Human Services (US). Office of Evaluation and Inspections: 1994 Oct. Report No: HHSIGOE 169200860.

Thesis: Kaplan SI. Post-hospital home health care: the elderly access and utilization (dissertation). St. Louis (MO): Washington Univ. 1995. Manuscripts accepted for publication, not published yet: Leshner AI. Molecular mechanisms of cocaine addiction. N Engl J Med In press 1997.

Epub Ahead of Print Articles: Aksu HU, Ertürk M, Gül M, Uslu N. Successful treatment of a patient with pulmonary embolism and biatrial thrombus. Anadolu Kardiyol Derg 2012 Dec 26. doi: 10.5152/akd.2013.062. [Epub ahead of print]

Manuscripts published in electronic format: Morse SS. Factors in the emergence of infectious diseases. Emerg Infect Dis (serial online) l995 Jan-Mar (cited 1996 June 5): 1(1): (24 screens). Available from: URL: http:/ www.cdc. gov/ncidodlElD/cid.htm.

The latest status of the submitted manuscripts and other information about the journal can be accessed at Furthermore, contact details of the Editorial Office and Publisher are provided below for correspondence with the journal in every respect.


Editor(s): Prof. Dr. Birkan SONEL TUR, Prof. Dr. Deniz EVCİK

Address: Türkiye Fiziksel Tıp ve Rehabilitasyon Derneği Barbaros Bulvarı

Aktaş İşhanı No: 85 Kat: 3 Daire: 3 Beşiktaş, İstanbul, Turkey

Phone: +90 212 236 90 52

Fax: +90 212 236 90 54


Web page:


Publisher: Bayçınar Tıbbi Yayıncılık

Örnek Mah., Dr. Suphi Ezgi Sok., Saray Apt. No:11, D:6 34704 Ataşehir, İstanbul 

Phone: +90 216 317 41 14

Fax: +90 216 317 63 68


Web page: