Turkish Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation 2023 , Vol 69 , Num 3

Expressing emotions, rejection sensitivity, and attachment in patients with fibromyalgia

Meltem Puşuroğlu 1 ,Mehmet Serhat Topaloğlu 2 ,Çiçek Hocaoğlu 1 ,Murat Yıldırım 2
1 Department of Spirit Health and Patients, Medicine Faculty of Recep Tayyip Erdoğan University, Rize, Türkiye
2 Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Medicine Faculty of Recep Tayyip Erdoğan University, Rize, Türkiye
DOI : 10.5606/tftrd.2023.11440 Objectives: This study aimed to examine emotional awareness, control of emotions, and the childhood attachment process in fibromyalgia patients.

Patients and methods: The observational study was conducted with 117 participants (14 males, 103 females; mean age: 43.9±9.0 years; range, 22 to 64 years) between February 20, 2022, and May 20, 2022. Sixty-one patients and 56 healthy control subjects filled out a form including sociodemographic data, such as age, sex, occupation, and educational status. In addition, the participants answered the Expressing Emotions Scale, Rejection Sensitivity Scale, and Experiences in Close Relationships Scale.

Results: In our study, Expressing Emotions Scale scores are significantly higher in the healthy control group than in the patient group (p<0.05). Rejection Sensitivity Scale scores are significantly higher in the patient group than in the healthy control group (p<0.05). In the Experiences in Close Relationships Scale, a significant difference was determined between the patient and control groups in the avoidant attachment subdimension (p<0.05). Similarly, a significant difference was observed between both groups in terms of the anxiety attachment subdimension (p<0.05).

Conclusion: The ability to express emotions is lower and avoidant and anxious attachment rates are higher in fibromyalgia patients. Keywords : Chronic, chronic fatigue syndrome, emotional disorders, fibromyalgia