Turkish Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation 2010 , Vol 56 , Num 2

Respiratory Function and Respiratory Muscle Strength in Patients with Male Osteoporosis Without Kyphosis

Selda Bağış 1 ,Mukadder Çalıkoğlu 2 ,Melek Sezgin 3 ,Cengiz Özge 2 ,Özlem Bölgen Çimen 3
1 Acıbadem Üniversitesi, Sağlık Bilimleri Fakültesi, Fizyoterapi ve Rehabilitasyon Bölümü, Istanbul, Türkiye
2 Mersin Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi, Göğüs Hastalıkları Anabilim Dalı, Mersin, Türkiye
3 Mersin Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi, Fiziksel Tıp ve Rehabilitasyon Anabilim Dalı, Mersin, Türkiye
DOI : 10.4274/tftr.56.49

Objective: In this study, we investigated the effect of osteoporosis on pulmonary function and respiratory muscle strength in patients with male osteoporosis with mild vertebral compression fracture, but without kyphosis or vertebral fracture. 

Materials and Methods: Thirty-four men with primary osteoporosis and 17 healthy men, matched for age and weight, were evaluated. Body mass index, tobacco smoking, and degree of vertebral compression were recorded, and values for forced vital capacity (FVC), forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1), forced expiratory flow (FEF), maximum voluntary ventilation (MVV), maximum inspiratory pressure (MIP), and maximum expiratory pressure (MEP) were determined. 

Results: Although no significant differences in the results of pulmonary function tests between the patients and control groups were noted, the values for MIP (p=0.015) and MEP (p=0.008) were significantly lower in the osteoporotic subjects. No difference in respiratory function was noted in the subjects with compression fractures when compared to those without fractures. 

Conclusion: In conclusion, we thought that osteoporosis may affect respiratory function in male patients with osteoporosis, even without kyphosis.

Keywords : Osteoporosis, male, respiratory functio