Turkish Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation 2024 , Vol 70 , Num 1

Efficacy of trigger point injection therapy in noncardiac chest pain: A randomized controlled trial

Mustafa Şengül 1 ,Sebahat Tekeli Şengül 2
1 Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Medicine Faculty of Uşak University, Uşak, Türkiye
2 Department of Cardiology, Medicine Faculty of Uşak University, Uşak, Türkiye
DOI : 10.5606/tftrd.2024.12716 Objectives: This study aimed to compare the effects of trigger point injections and stretching exercises in patients with noncardiac chest pain (NCCP) associated with myofascial pain syndrome.

Patients and methods: This prospective randomized controlled trial included 50 patients with noncardiac chest pain and trigger points in the pectoralis muscles between October 2019 and June 2020. The patients were randomly assigned to receive trigger point injections into the pectoralis muscles and exercise (n=25; 15 males, 10 females; mean age: 42.8±9.2 years; range, 25 to 57 years) or only perform exercise (n=25; 11 males, 14 females; mean age: 41.8±11.2 years; range, 18 to 60 years). The primary outcome was pain intensity at the first month and three months after the first treatment session, measured using the Visual Analog Scale from 0 to 100. The secondary outcome was the Nottingham Health Profile score.

Results: Treatment with stretching exercises and trigger point injection resulted in significant pain reduction compared to stretching exercises alone, and the reduction was persistent at the three-month follow-up (p<0.001). A between-group comparison showed no significant difference in the Nottingham Health Profile (p=0.522). Complications related to the procedure or severe adverse events attributable to treatment were not reported.

Conclusion: Trigger point injection combined with stretching exercises is an efficient treatment for noncardiac chest pain related to myofascial pain syndrome compared to exercise treatment alone. Keywords : Myofascial trigger point injection, non-cardiac chest pain, stretching exercises